The OBT agreement contains several annexes that attempt to clarify compliance with the agreement. Appendix 1 contains the terms and their definitions for the purposes of the agreement. It is clear from this annex that the OBT agreement distinguishes between the areas of standards, regulation and compliance assessment (CRS). Standards are defined as voluntary documents and technical requirements as mandatory documents. Appendix 2 relates to procedures for technical expert groups established under the agreement. 2.2 Members ensure that technical rules are not prepared, adopted or applied to create or remove unnecessary barriers to international trade. To this end, technical rules should not be more restrictive than is necessary to achieve a legitimate objective, taking into account the risks of non-compliance. These legitimate objectives include national security requirements; Preventing deceptive practices protection of human health or safety, animal or plant life or the environment. When assessing these risks, the following elements are relevant: available scientific and technical information, related treatment technologies or end-uses of products. Considering that no country should be prevented from taking the necessary measures to ensure the quality of its exports, or to protect human, animal or plant or environmental health or to prevent deceptive practices at levels it deems appropriate, provided that they are not applied in a manner that constitutes a means of arbitrary or unjustified discrimination between countries where conditions are identical or which are subject to a disguised restriction of international trade; For more information on the OBT and SPS agreements, please see the following links: 6.3 Members are invited, at the request of other members, to enter into negotiations for mutual recognition agreements for the results of mutual compliance assessment procedures.
Members may require these agreements to meet the criteria set out in paragraph 1 and to satisfy each other`s opportunities to facilitate trade in the products concerned. The WTO agreements, which were negotiated and signed by a large majority of world trade countries and ratified by their parliaments, are at the heart of the system, known as the multilateral trading system. These agreements are essentially legal treaties that guarantee Member States important trade rights. Two WTO agreements closely linked to standards and compliance assessment are the Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement (CTO) and the Plant Health and Protection Agreement (SPS). In the interests of transparency, the code requires standards bodies that have agreed to their terms to notify the ISO/CIS information centre of the ISO Central Secretariat in Geneva, either directly or through the relevant national/international member of the International Standardization Information Network (ISONET).